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Uveitis: A serious Cause of vision loss in Children

Posted: Fri Feb 02, 2007 10:47 am
by Mike Bartolatz
this article is by C Stephen Foster, MD of the Ocular Immunology and Uveitis Foundation as well as MERSI where he practices. DR Foster is a Professor of Opthalmology at Harvard Medical School and is the leading Ocular Opthalmologist

Ophthalmology. 2004 Dec;111(12):2299-306. Related Articles, Links

Ocular complications of pediatric uveitis.

Rosenberg KD, Feuer WJ, Davis JL.

Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida 33101, USA.

PURPOSE: To determine the cumulative proportion and the visual significance of ocular complications of pediatric uveitis. DESIGN: Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with onset of endogenous or infectious uveitis before or at age 16 years. METHODS: Retrospective review of existing records at a university-based uveitis clinic. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Type and prevalence of complications related to uveitis, time to development of complications, and vision loss after initial diagnosis. RESULTS: There were 148 patients, 71 males and 77 females, with a mean age of 10.4+/-4.9 years (median, 10.3 years) for an estimated prevalence of pediatric uveitis of 13.8%. Noninfectious uveitis was present in 112 patients (75.7%); 105 (71%) patients had bilateral disease. Anterior uveitis accounted for 30.4%, intermediate uveitis for 27.7%, posterior uveitis for 23.7%, and panuveitis for 18.2% of patients. Patients were followed for a mean of 71.7 months (range, 0 months-44 years) after diagnosis. Approximately 34% of all patients had 1 or more complications at the time of first diagnosis of uveitis by an ophthalmologist, increasing to 61.6% by 3 months, 69.4% by 6 months, 75.2% by 1 year, and 86.3% by 3 years after diagnosis. There were a total of 617 complications of all types. Anterior and intermediate uveitis had a higher risk of band keratopathy (P = 0.005). Posterior and intermediate uveitis had a lower risk of cataract (P = 0.009) or posterior synechiae (P<0.001). Intermediate uveitis had a higher risk of cystoid macular edema compared with anterior or posterior uveitis (P = 0.002). The cumulative percentages (standard error) of patients with first loss to 20/200 or worse after diagnosis in the affected eyes of unilateral cases or in either eye of the bilateral cases were: 31.3% (3.9) at 1 month; 40.5% (4.1) at 6 months; 56.0% (4.3) at 24 months; and 69.6% (4.5) at 60 months. Fifty-four patients (48.2%) received systemic antiinflammatory or immunomodulatory therapy. Sixty-eight patients (45.9%) had ocular surgery, and 38 of these had ocular surgery in both eyes. CONCLUSIONS: Childhood uveitis is significant for numerous complications, many of which are vision threatening. Complications increase with duration of disease.

PMID: 15582090 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


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