Burden of Dry eyes in Patient's lives: a comparative study

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Burden of Dry eyes in Patient's lives: a comparative study

Post by Mike Bartolatz » Sun Jul 17, 2005 5:10 pm

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Jan;46(1):46-50. Related Articles, Links


The relative burden of dry eye in patients' lives: comparisons to a U.S. normative sample.

Mertzanis P, Abetz L, Rajagopalan K, Espindle D, Chalmers R, Snyder C, Caffery B, Edrington T, Simpson T, Nelson JD, Begley C.

Mapi Values, Boston, Massachusetts 02108, USA. polyxane.mertzanis@mapivaluesusa.com

PURPOSE: To assess the relative burden of dry eye in daily life by comparing Short Form-36 (SF-36) responses from individuals with and without dry eye against U.S. norms. METHODS: Assessment of 210 people, 130 with non-Sjogren's keratoconjunctivitis sicca (non-SS KCS), 32 with Sjogren's Syndrome (SS), and 48 control subjects. The study population data and published normative SF-36 data were compared. Dry eye severity was assessed by recruited severity (control, non-SS KCS, SS), patient self-report (none, very mild/mild, moderate, severe/extremely severe), and clinician-report (none, mild, moderate, severe). Age- and gender-matched norms were compared with all defined severity groups. RESULTS: Compared with the norms, control subjects scored higher on all SF-36 scales. Effect size (ES) ranged from 0.15 to 0.52. Non-SS KCS patients had lower Role-Physical (ES=-0.07), Bodily Pain (ES=-0.08), and Vitality (ES=-0.11) scores, indicating more dry eye impact on those areas versus the norm. All SF-36 scale scores except Mental Health (ES=0.12) were lower in the SS group than the adjusted norm (ES range: -0.16 to -0.99). Regardless of severity classification, mild patients consistently had lower Role-Physical and Bodily Pain scores than the norm, suggesting impact on daily roles (ES < 0.2). Patients with moderately severe disease also experienced less vitality and poorer general health. The group with severe disease scored lower than the norm across all domains (ES range: -0.14 to -0.91) except Role-Emotional (ES=0.13) and Mental Health (ES=0.23). CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate dry eye's negative impact on everyday life, particularly in daily activities. Further research using disease-specific measures to examine dry eye's impact is underway.

PMID: 15623753 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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